high altitude

High Altitude Gluten Free Baking Tips

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I get lots of questions from folks asking how to adjust gluten free recipes for high altitude and my first answer is that you might not have to make an adjustment at all. These high altitude gluten free baking tips cover most all the major issues encountered by mile-high bakers, but if you want to add anything additional that you’ve learned through experience baking at high altitudes, please do!

High Altitude Gluten Free Baking Tips

Those of us unaccustomed to high altitudes often experience shortness of breath, headaches and quick sunburns when we visit higher locations. The air is thinner and the pressure is lower at 5,000 feet above sea level and beyond, but people aren’t the only things affected.

The same conditions that create these physical problems for living creatures can also affect baking, but not always.

High Altitude Gluten Free Baking Tips

First let’s look at what happens when there is low atmospheric pressure, low humidity and thinner air. The first things you’ll notice in the kitchen are a lower boiling point, more rapid rising and drier baked goods from the reduced humidity.

high altitude diagram 2

Where this requires a change in gluten free baked goods is primarily in the leavening. Breads rise faster, leading to potential cave-ins because the cell structure isn’t set well enough to hold the bread’s shape.

Other leavening agents like baking powder and baking soda will also cause the gases in breads and cakes to expand/rise faster. (One teaspoon of baking powder at 5,000 feet yields 20% more volume than at sea level!)

So my recommendation is to try the gluten free recipe without adjustment first. Keep good notes so that you remember any problems that developed with each recipe, and what solutions you devised that worked. If you encounter problems, reference these tips to help.

gluten free chocolate beer cake

One of my favorite cake recipes: Gluten Free Chocolate Beer Cake. It bakes beautifully at high altitude.


♦ If your bread or cakes rise too fast and then collapse:

Gluten-Free White Bread after rise.

  • Adjust the leavening agents: reduce baking powder by 1/4 teaspoon for each teaspoon called for in the recipe if you are baking above 6,000 feet. If you are baking at 8,000 feet or higher, reduce by 1/2 teaspoon for each teaspoon in the recipe.
  • Reduce the rise time of yeast breads. Do not let the dough rise higher than the side of the pan. Check frequently to ensure bread is not rising more than double its size before baking.
  • ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­Do not fill muffins or cake pans more than 1/2 full.
  • Do not omit salt in yeast bread recipes because salt will help to contain the rise.
  • Try increasing the baking temperature by 25 degrees to help heat then set the cell structure faster so that it is better supported after cooling.
  • Use extra large eggs instead of large eggs (eggs contain protein which helps to provide structure)
  • Do not over-beat eggs, as this will enhance the rising of batters, which is not advised at high altitudes.
  • For more gluten free bread baking tips, check out this article.

♦ If your baked goods aren’t fully cooked (wet inside or dense):

  • Bake longer! Some cakes and breads which bake in under an hour at sea level can take up to 1 hour and 20 or 30 minutes to bake at altitude. Reduce the oven temperature to 325F and bake for longer, checking frequently with a toothpick or internal thermometer to be sure it’s fully cooked before removing to cool.

♦ If the recipe bakes out drier and more crumbly than it ought to be:

  • Increase liquid by approximately 2 tablespoons if baking at 6,000 feet; 3-5 tablespoons if baking at 7,000 feet or higher.
  • OR decrease gluten-free flour by 1 tablespoon per cup of flour.
  • Add 1-2 Tablespoons of honey, agave, coconut nectar OR pure maple syrup to help hold moisture.
  • Try substituting shortening for butter – it holds more liquid.
  • Be sure you’re using gfJules Gluten Free All Purpose Flour to keep your baked goods light and soft, and to replace of other flours like bean or brown rice blends which will produce dry and crumbly foods.

Your gluten-free cookies ought to look like this — even at high altitude!

If your cookies flatten:

  • Reduce the shortening or butter by 1-2 tablespoons.
  • Substitute shortening for butter.
  • Add 1/8 cup more gfJules Gluten Free All Purpose Flour per each cup of flour in the recipe.
  • Reduce the amount of additions like chocolate chips.
  • Add a tablespoon or so of powdered milk or non-dairy powdered milk (not reconstituted)
gluten free apple pie

Your gluten free pie crusts should be gorgeous and tender, not tough.


♦ If your pie crusts or pastries are dry or tough:

  • Reduce gfJules Gluten Free All Purpose Flour or use less flour to dust with and handle the crust as little as possible.
  • Ensure the fats (butter, oil, shortening) and liquids are very cold when mixing.
  • Increase liquid by up to 25% (I add 2-3 tablespoons of vodka to the liquids in my pie crusts with great success!)
  • For more gluten free pie crust tips and recipe, check out my top-rated Tips!

High Altitude Gluten Free Baking Tips by gfJules

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52 thoughts on “High Altitude Gluten Free Baking Tips

  1. Do you have any recipes for gluten-free bread made with yeast. I am at an altitude of 7500 feet. So far my loaves of bread have turned out to be bricks. Do you have a cookbook I can purchase?

    • Hi Nancy, I have many gluten free bread recipes using yeast! Use the search bar at the top of any page and search for “bread” for lots of options! Also, check out this article on baking gluten free bread; I think several of the tips will help you, but the main thing is to use the right gluten free flour blend. Lots of gluten free flours are gritty and dry, and also suck up extra moisture, so they make bread like bricks. It’s very likely not you but the flour/recipe you’re using that’s the problem. Also, you should give my gfJules Sandwich Bread Mix a try, since it makes baking great gluten free bread — even at altitude — easy!

  2. I’d love tips for cupcakes using pre-mixed flour. Mine already comes with baking powder and baking soda. I am going to experiment with using less flour, plus the other tips mentioned, but I am unsure if this will work.

    • Hi Susie, sounds like you’re not using a “flour” but a baking “mix” like one for biscuits? If so, when using a recipe calling for flour, it will usually also call for some kind of leavening. Either don’t add any more leavening or add half of what is called for. That will work better than using less flour. Good luck!

  3. I just found a Keto bread recipe and I am very excited to bake it. Here’s my issue, I live in Denver so we are about 6000 ft above sea level. I have to modify all of my recipes for high altitude baking which I think is the problem. Do you have any suggestions about how to modify your recipe for high altitude baking so it comes out right using almond flour, coconut flour and tapioca flour. I haven’t got that much experience baking with almond flour and coconut flour and tapioca flour so I don’t know what modifications I should make. Could you please help?

    I look forward to hearing from you and thank you again.

    Rene’ Stewart
    Centennial, CO

    Sent from Rene’s iPhone

    • Hi Rene, other than the high altitude tips in this article, I don’t have much to offer regarding using those particular flours, since I don’t often bake with them. They do require more liquid, so make sure you get your dough to the point where it’s not too stiff or tight (not like taffy) before you try to rise and bake it. Doughs need to be loose enough to rise. Also check out Gluten Free Goddess for more almond flour bread recipes — almond flour is her focus.
      Best of luck!

  4. My elevation is 7500 feet. I used the GF cycle on breadmaker for the 1st time for a 3cup white loaf using King Arthur all purpose GF flour. I subbed egg white and applesauce to match the whole egg volume in the recipe. I used 1/2 tsp active dry yeast and added 1Tbsp milk (as works for me with gluten flours). I added 1/4 tsp xanthan to the specified amt. as I do for GF quick bread. Result: a bit too moist and flat to sunken on the top. Decrease liquid, prepare manually? Please advise. I do have a pullman loaf pan…Thx! Heidi, San Juan Mts

    • Hi Heidi,
      Wow you’ve given a lot of variables here! 🙂
      What bread machine? What’s in KA flour? What recipe for bread did you use?
      Have you checked out my article on baking gluten free bread in a breadmaker? Or my top gluten free bread baking tips?
      Obviously, I prefer baking with my gfJules Flour, as I think the results far exceed others, but beyond that, there are proportions to consider, the setting and the make of the bread machine, and the duration of the bake. Without knowing more, I would say that it doesn’t sound like there was enough yeast and probably not enough xanthan for 3 cups of flour in a yeast bread.
      You sound like you’re willing to do some experimenting, so give those articles a read and see if you can glean some tips that apply to your machine and recipe.
      Keep me posted!

      • Thanks for your reply. KA=King Arthur GF all purpose flour. Your mix would probably work better but allergy to potato and tapioca make that a no-go. The breadmaker is Hamilton Beach HomeBaker I have used before but only for regular with gluten dough cycle, never baking. You seem to have more high altitude experience than King Arthur’s help line. I will try again with a little more xanthan and manual ptep.

        • Hi Heidi – keep me posted, as I don’t have any experience with that particular machine, and I’d love to know if it turns out a nice loaf. 🙂

  5. We live at almost 10,000 feet altitude. We noticed a big difference with baking anything at 7000 ft where our son lives. At 7000 ft it’s much easier to adjust, at 10,000 ft it really becomes a challenge and usually flops. It is very different. Any suggestions?

  6. Do you have any tips on how to adjust the GF flour or add to it to help rise? I tried making fried donuts and I live in 4200 elevation in Utah and I can’t seem to get my dough to rise well.

    Thanks for any tips

  7. Thank you so much for your tips. When I am in high altitude I am between 8000-10000. Is there a good all purpose gf flour that works really well in recipes? Thanks for your input!

  8. So, this past weekend, we were baking zucchini banana bread (yum, by the way) and when we pulled it out of the oven, it had exploded! Now exploded might not have been the best description baking wise, but the bread definitely caved in. So what I’m wondering, because we actually haven’t tried this yet, is when the bread is done, should it be moist or a bit drier than normal?

    • Hi Redd, we’ve all had that happen once in awhile. It’s easy with recipes calling for fruit or veggies like zucchini for the batter to be too moist, which causes cave-ins (the bread still tastes great, though!) Quick breads like zucchini bread should not be dry, but there’s a fine line between too wet and perfectly moist. If it needs to cook longer, try covering the bread with aluminum foil to keep the top from cooking too quickly and allowing the inside to cook longer.

  9. I live at about 7,200 ft. I been having problems with my bread crumbling. I’ve adjusted my liquid and still having problems. I also mill my own flour and the bread is more dense. It has problems on the 2 rise not rising like it should. Any suggestions?

    • Hi Susan, it’s hard to say without knowing exactly what flours you’re using, but it sounds like there may be a problem with technique, as well. Are you using a bread machine or are you manually punching the bread down and giving it a second rise? There should be NO punchdown with gluten-free bread, and thus, no second rise. Unlike gluten breads, punching down and kneading gluten-free doughs will just take the life right out of the loaf and it will not rebound with a second rise. Hence the dense cell structure it sounds like you’re experiencing. I hope that helps you find the problem!

  10. Thanks for posting this article! We live at 10,500 feet and I just experienced a cupcake explosion while preparing for my son’s birthday. I’ll try again with your suggestions.

  11. Thank you! I live at high altitude and am newly diagnosed to the GF diet. I was feeling very daunted at doing all this new baking myself, at altitude to boot. But this post is so enormously helpful!

  12. Thanks for the tips! I live at 9000 feet elevation, and I rarely have to make adjustments, but it definitely has been a learning experience finding out what works/doesn’t work! I will try some of these tips, thank you!

    • I live at 8600′ elevation and I’m trying to just make a loaf of gluten free bread. Using a recipe on your post and having no success. The bread rises to the top of the pan but then collapses while baking and never gets done, even though I baking at 375 instead of 350 and baking for twice the time of the recipe (120 minutes)

      • Hi Johnny, are you using my gfJules Flour? Have you tried my gfJules Gluten Free Bread Mix? That would be a great starting point to see what the problem really is. You should also check your oven temperature to make sure it’s baking to temp, as 120 minutes is an awfully long time to bake! I would also suggest allowing the bread to rise for much longer first, so the rise is more slow and controlled.